A welding rod is a bar or wire that is used to fuse two metals. In the world of professional welding, you will often work with 6010 and 6010 electrodes. Therefore, it becomes essential to know the difference between 6010 and 6011 welding rods.
In the process of metal welding, electrodes play a crucial yet neglected role. Each type of electrode has different strengths and weaknesses. And that’s why they have different uses.
So, in this article, we will help you navigate the differences between 6010 and 6011 welding rods, as well as their unique properties and uses.
Before we dig further if you are motivated to learn about welding electrodes, you may want to check out the types of welding rods.
- 6010 vs 6011
- Frequently Asked Questions
6010 vs 6011
As a trainee, it is understandable if you mistake one of the electrodes for the other. Since the only apparent variation is the numerals. The former has 10 numerals at the end and the latter has 11.
So, anyone will find them pretty similar. However, this is not the only resemblance, there are many more. For example, both 6010 and 6011 electrodes have the same arc characteristics, level of penetration, and flux composition. So, what distinguishes these rods from one another? To answer this, follow this article.
Let us start with the similarities between 6010 and 6011 electrodes.
6010 and 6011 Electrodes Similarities:
6010 and 6011 are both fast freezing electrodes. Fast freezing rods are the ones that solidify from the liquid state at a fairly rapid speed. Therefore, the welder needs to work quickly and efficiently with these rods to produce a quality weld.
The angles at which the rod fuses the metals are also crucial. Experts note that the performance of both of these welding rods is good at any position. Although, both also perform the best in the vertical position.
To achieve a smooth adherence of metals, proper welding penetration is essential. The reason is that poor penetration leads to a weaker bond. Now, one benefit of using 6010 or 6011 welding rods is both offer deep penetration between parent metals.
Resistance under Tension
Tensile strength means the maximum tension a metal can bear before it is deformed. The first two digits of the welding rods indicate their resistance or tensile strength. Since both these electrodes have “60” at the beginning. It means their tensile strength is 60,000 psi.
6010 and 6011 Electrodes Differences
The flux coating is one of the few things that differentiate 6010 and 6011 welding rods. It is because their fourth digits, which specify the type of coating on the rod are not the same. E-6010 has high cellulose sodium plating. Whereas E-6011 has high cellulose potassium plating.
The know-how of polarity is essential in the welding world. It also directly impacts the quality of the fusion.
E-6010 runs on direct current sources. Therefore, its polarity is DCEP. On the other hand, E-6011 runs on DC as well as AC sources. For this reason, its polarity is flexible.
The many qualities of the 6010 welding rod have made it a top pick for welders. Professionals use electrode 6010 most commonly in shipbuilding. Moreover, it is also utilized in pipe and plate welding. You will find this electrode in the maintenance welding industry as well.
On the other hand, many professionals consider electrode 6011 to be an all-purpose rod. The reason is that it can be used in a household as well as on an industrial scale. 6011 welding rod has found its use in the power station construction industry as well as the transport industry. Whereas, electrode 6011 does not benefit much to fuse low alloy steel.
Frequently Asked Questions
After learning about 6010 and 6011 welding rods, it is natural for questions to arise in your mind. Here, I will attempt at answering your main concerns.
What Differentiates 6010 and 6011 Electrodes from each other?
6010 and 6011 welding rods have more similarities than differences. The basic divergence arises because of the type of current usage. Electrode 6010 runs on DC. Whereas, electrode E-6011 uses both AC and DC to run.
The other variation between 6010 and 6011 electrodes is both have different types of flux coatings.
Which one Should I go for among 6010 and 6011 electrodes?
Both these electrodes provide high penetration and fast-freezing rate. If you are working with direct current only, rod 6010 would be a better choice. Otherwise, I would suggest you work with both and find what you like.
In conclusion, the different properties of electrodes play a decisive role in the welding process. As a trainee welder, 6010 and 6011 welding rods may cause you some confusion. However, a bit more practice will make you differentiate between them with your eyes shut.
I hope that this article has helped you find the perfect rod for your task. If you want to dig deeper into the world of welding rods, check this article about 7014 vs 7018 electrodes.